The Causes of Dry Skin
There are various reasons for dry skin, ranging from environmental factors to genetics.
Environment: Dry and low humidity climates "pull" the water out of your skin, resulting in dry skin and chapping.
Harsh Products: Soaps and solvents remove not only dirt but also your skin's natural oils, damaging your top layer of skin cells.
Hot Water: This has a similar effect to how harsh products cause dry skin.
Age: Our skin produces less oils as we age, making us more prone to dry skin.
Genetics: You were born with it, and may have a family history of asthma, eczema, or hay fever.
No matter the reason, to have a healthy skin barrier requires the proper hydration. Moisturizers are vital to your skin barrier health, but the application of moisturizers and other skin care practices are just as important, as we will explain below.
What are the Best Skin Moisturizer Practices?
1. Bathing Methods
Bathing is part of your daily routine for hygiene and skin health. However, there are bathing practices that damage your skin barrier.
Water Temperature: As discussed earlier, steamy or hot water strips the top layer of your skin of its natural oils leading to dry or inflamed skin. Bathing in lukewarm water prevents - and even heals - dry skin.
Over-soaping: Soap is designed to remove grease and oil, so try to minimize its use to the oily areas of the skin. These areas include: face, armpits, buttocks, groin, and feet.
Soap Strength: While some skin conditions require medicated or harsh soaps, try to use only mild soaps to cleanse your skin. Mild soaps should have excess alkali removed, some level of glycerin, and be gentle enough for even sensitive skin. Dr. Bailey's favorite mild soaps with these qualities are: Toleriane Cleanser and Naturally Best Bar Soap for Dry Skin.
2. Moisturizing MethodsA healthy skin barrier consists of hydrated skin: skin layers with a mixture of water and oil. Oil helps hydrate the skin by trapping water into its layers and protecting it from harmful substances or evaporation. Moisturizer aids in providing additional oils or maintaining the skin's current oils. In order for moisturizers to be useful, you must be mindful of how they apply their moisturizers.
- Apply moisturizers three minutes after bathing or cleansing. While bathing, your skin absorbs water but will be prone to evaporation after you towel off to dry. It is essential to apply a thin layer of moisturizer or lotion to your skin within three minutes after toweling off to dry.
Moisturizer ingredients. Rich and deeply moisturizing ingredients are necessary to heal dry or damaged skin. Some examples include:
- Pure oils: Jojoba oil, coconut oil, almond oil, extra virgin olive oil, etc.
- Butters: Shea butter or cocoa butter
Look for high oil ointments such as aquaphor, bag balm, or vaseline jelly with these moisturizing ingredients. Also, bland creams without fragrances are useful for repairing damaged skin. Some of these include: Vanicream, Eucerin Cream, Cetaphil Cream, and Nivea Cream.